Research Paper Writing Service

February 18th, 2021

Custom Research Paper Writing Service

A research paper is among the most important academic documents. This is because it provides one with an opportunity to come up with a viable solution to a given real world problem. It is also possible to fill in a certain knowledge gap by writing this type of academic caper. While the importance of this document is quite clear, writing it can be quite difficult. This nonetheless does not mean that you are supposed to suffer in silence. This is because it is now possible to order for custom research paper writing service. You can easily get this kind of writing services at our website today. Writing a research paper is particularly difficult due to a number of reasons. First, it is quite time consuming. The whole process from problem identification to coming up with recommendation of solving the identified problem takes months and at times years.

Secondly, it takes someone with impressive research skills to write this kind of a paper. Specifically, you must be quite knowledgeable on research methods in order for you to write an exceptional research paper. As a matter of fact, a great deal of students order for custom research paper writing help due to lack of these essential skills. Fortunately for you, our experts who guide students in writing this type of document perfectly understand the whole process of conducting research. They also have critical and academic writing skills. You can therefore be sure that the quality of the research paper that we shall offer you will impress you. This does not mean that we charge exorbitantly for our services.

Perhaps the most difficult thing about writing a research paper is the fact that it is supposed to be original. You are expected to work on a unique research problem. In addition to this, you ought to fully cite your paper. It is good to note that plagiarism attracts severe academic punishment. We are happy to let you know that the entire clients who order for custom research paper writing service from our firm. It is possibly true that one of the greatest benefits that students who order for our services enjoy is that we write their research paper as per then instructions that they provide to us. The result of this is that we never under no circumstances disappoint any of our clients.  We therefore highly encourage you to try our tailor-made writing assistance today.

Term Paper Writing Help

In most institutions of learning, students are expected to submit a term paper at the end of every semester or term. This paper is normally a little bit longer than other types of assignments. The reason behind this is that students are expected to work on it throughout their semester. It is not always easy to work on it and it is therefore not surprising why students order for term paper writing help by graduate experts. There is a basic process that you are supposed to follow when writing your term paper. To start with, you must be sure to carefully analyze the topic that you have been assigned. While doing this, you should pay special focus to the keywords that have been used in the title. Such keywords should help you understand what exactly you are supposed to do and the specific scope of your paper.

In most cases, when writing a term paper, it is in your best interest to read around the assigned topic. Sometimes students are provided with a list of information sources that they ought to consult when writing it. It is advisable to make sure that you do not ignore such a list. You must also be sure to take notes when reading the relevant materials. One of the mistakes that students make is confusing taking notes with directly copying information. You must always paraphrase the information obtained from secondary sources such as books and journal articles if at all you would not like to be accused of plagiarism. Our experts who offer professional term paper writing service can guide you on how to keep plagiarism at bay when writing a term paper.

When writing your term paper, you must be sure to follow the recommended format. It is worth pointing out that properly formatting your paper not only enhances its presentation but also makes it relatively easy to read it. Did you know that we can format your term paper using any format of your choice? Now you know. Simply, order for our term paper writing help today and we shall be glad to deliver you a properly formatted paper. You might also be pleased to know that we carefully edit our clients’ term papers. In addition to this, we proofread them. The result of this is that we are able to offer our clients’ papers that are error free. It is therefore needless to overemphasize the fact that the quality of the paper that we shall offer you shall surpass your expectations.

Health Care Paper Writing Service

February 17th, 2021

Health Care Paper Writing Service

Remarkably, writing papers is among the commonest academic tasks that you will have to execute as a health care student. Generally, healthcare papers range from simple essays to complicated papers that require one to conduct research prior to writing them. Owing to the fact that it is not always easy to write such complex academic documents, some students opt to order for health care paper writing service. Ordering for this kind of writing assistance is not something to be condemned. Actually, it should be encouraged. This is because by ordering for this kind of services you stand to benefit a lot in a number of ways. To begin with, you will be able to boost your grade. This is because the quality of work produced by professional health care paper writers is quite high.

Additionally, once you order for expert assistance with writing a healthcare paper, you will learn how to write in an academic manner. It is good to note that when writing papers in the field of healthcare, you are expected to demonstrate that you have impressive scholarly writing skills. This means that for your paper to be considered impressive it should be easy to read. Consequently, you are supposed to organize it logically. Most importantly, you must correctly cite it. You can be certain that once you order for health care paper writing help from our company, you shall get an academic document that has been written in a scholarly manner. This in turn will increase your chances of excelling in this field of study.

Perhaps the greatest advantage of ordering for health care paper writing service is that you will be able to free up some time. It is arguably true that life as a student can be really busy. This means that one is ordinarily not left with enough time to do the things that he/she enjoys the most. Hiring an expert t assist you with writing your nursing paper online is therefore among the best ways of freeing up some time to do other activities. At our writing company, we are willing to take the burden of writing your healthcare academic documents off your shoulders. As a matter of fact, our professional health care paper writers would really love to assist you. We are even willing to go a mile further and offer you our entire writing help at discounted prices. It then follows that one of the best things that you can do today is to take advantage of this amazing offer.

A review of mental health recovery programs in selected industrialized countries

February 18th, 2021

Summary of A peer Reviewed Article on mental Health
“A review of mental health recovery programs in selected industrialized countries.”
Justification for recommending the article
I would recommend this article for professional practice due to in-depth information on diverse mental recovery programs. The article provides an overview and insight into the current state of recovery methods in mental healthcare. It offers diverse approaches that have been used by industrialized countries in implementing mental health recovery-oriented services. The article also shows that mental health recovery is a fundamental component that has gained dominance in the healthcare systems of diverse countries. This is because the implementation and analysis of recovery models in the healthcare delivery system is a continuous process that requires adequate healthcare resources and commitment from all concerned stakeholders.
Summary and analysis of the Article
Most healthcare systems have put much attention on mental health recovery programs. Consequently, several of them have made efforts to adopt recovery-oriented practices. This peer-reviewed article describes the current mental health recovery programs in different countries. It also explores the measurement tools used by those countries to evaluate the effectiveness of the programs. Further, it has been noted from the article that recovery should be a fundamental domain in mental healthcare. However, the paper a. However, the paper ascertains that the implementation and provision of recovery-oriented services and respective evaluation measures have not yet been adopted. Most healthcare systems around the world are still far from implementing such recovery programs. While some have heavily invested in enhancing recovery programs in their mental healthcare systems, others are just at the early stages of the process. Based on the article, the recovery-oriented programs should be contextualized within the corresponding countries’ entire health system.
Approach to identifying and analyzing the Peer-Reviewed Article.
Generally, a peer-reviewed article is written by experts in a given field and further reviewed by many other experts in the same field before being published to an article is of high quality and validity. I identified the peer-reviewed journal by consulting databases that limited to peer-reviewed journals. One of the databases that I used in identifying the article is the Academic search Complete. This database exhibits the feature as mentioned earlier on the initial search screen. I also used Google scholar to identify if the article is indicated as being peer-reviewed. During the article’s analysis, I focused on four important components, assessing the validity of the article, important information, and the author’s bias. The journal was a valid article since it was peer-reviewed as academic. It provides the best source of information regarding recovery programs in various countries.
Effective strategies in finding a peer-reviewed research paper
One of the effective strategies for finding a peer-reviewed article is using a library database that is limited to the search for only peer-reviewed articles only. Another crucial strategy used is by checking if the website of the article uses peer-reviewed process during publishing processes.
Resources intended for future use in Finding Peer-reviewed article
Some of the resources that I intend to use in finding peer-reviewed articles include Google Scholar and Academic Search Ultimate. Although Google Scholar does not restrict results only for peer-reviewed research, one can look at the journals to ascertain if there is any indication of being peer-reviewed.

Ways How Sex and Gender Binary is Reinforced and or Destabilized

February 18th, 2021

Ways How Sex and Gender Binary is Reinforced and or Destabilized
The concept of masculinity has influenced gender studies across the globe. Additionally, it has attracted equal hate and criticism at equal measure. Incarceration of women especially in the field of health, politics and economy has rendered many women fail to access health services. However, with increased incarcerated transgender campaigns across the globe, women are now able to meet health services. Dissatisfaction with strict binary sex orientation and gender system is not a new concept. It is neither a creation of language, body modifications or models of expression. What the world is concerned about is the entrenchment, legitimization, proliferation and widespread of dissatisfaction among women and men.
Thesis Statement
Gender binary is a system where a society pairs sexes based on person’s reproductive system. Further, gender refers to the societal construction and perception on a particular sex. Societies have distinguished gender into two distinct groups; the men and women (Connell, et al: 26). The quality of any gender, whether masculinity or femininity is attributed to the manner a particular sex is perceived. The perceptions are built culturally, there are actions that a certain sex must undertake, but within the confines of societal norms and expectation (Connell, et al: 17). Some regions are more susceptible to gender binary compared to others. Gender binary are detected through dress, names, sexual orientation, career and public behaviors. This paper will focus on the factors that reinforce or destabilize gender binary
The following are some of the factors that reinforce or destabilize gender binary;
Masculinity and Femininity
Femininity refers to the qualities associated to being female; on the other hand, masculinity is an attribute associated to an individual being a male. Societal make up disgrace feminine attributes and look down upon women as less beings and shameful (Connell, et al: 09). Further feminine qualities are perceived as embarrassing, while those for the men are embodied (Connell, et al: 14). These attributes may be physical such as the manner of dressing or biological or biological.
Biological traits such as lack of masculine bodies and unrestrained emotional attachments such as sadness betray women. Femininity is considered as a sign of weakness in many cultures (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 29). On the contrary, being male is perceived as a sign of power, strength, leadership and aggression. Luckily, over time this concepts and perceptions have been deconstructed from societies (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 11). In the modern world, women have been empowered and societies appreciate that the stereotypes pegged on femininity and masculinity are inaccurate.
Social Conditioning of Gender Identity
Gender roles between boys and girls are learnt at an early stage in life. Children learn, inherit societal, cultural beliefs and practices from their relatives, friends, parents and older people in their communities (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 32). Further, children learn and adopt structural and gender roles culturally, in school and from media platforms such as radios and televisions (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 27). As children grow, they adopt cultural ethos, norms, beliefs normalized and rewarded by their communities. Besides, children begin to hide behaviors subject to ridicule and contempt from their communities.
This life adjustment occurs during the early stages of life. By the children are three years, most of them learn attributes that are acceptable and regarding according to their gender. As they grow and become adults, some start feeling embarrassed as they get ridiculed for non-compliance of cultural ethos aligning them to specific gender (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 35). Fortunately, the world is moving from the cultural ethos. There seems to be positive attitudes towards roles that were aligned on sex or gender (Wingfield and Adia, 2009: 72). Fortunately, people are now growing being tolerant to other people’s lifestyles and views that were traditionally viewed as controversial.
Legal Discrimination
There are only two genders recognized in many of the countries. With this concept, there are outstanding concepts, principles and issues concerning gender and the law (West, Candace and Zimmerman, 2009: 64). With this provisions, people who cross the gender-line of being a man or woman, cross certain boundaries of either socially or legally. People who fall outside being male or female, lack gender identities (West, Candace and Zimmerman, 2009: 64). Gender queerness is considered as incompatible, contemptible and unintelligible. The legality and legitimacy of transgender lack identity criminalized and ignored. Transgender individuals in some communities are unrepresented.
Sex orientation or the gender a person is associated with determines how they are treated and the legal status of the person. Being male of female is detrimental especially in matters of marriage, separation, immigration, employment, inheritance or divorce (West, Candace and Zimmerman, 2009: 28). Transgender individuals face difficulties especially where they unable to identify themselves either in heterosexual marriage. Moreover, gender status affect accessibility of services such as housing, and medical services.
Social Discrimination
Biological differences between male and female affect their way of life. Gender issue is personal; however, occasionally they become political concerns (West, Candace and Zimmerman, 2009: 52). Gender binary is culturally ingrained, and any deviations results to negative attitudes, mistreatment harassment and prejudice. Transsexual and transgender individuals in most countries face discrimination, violence, hate, and harassment from family members and societies. Fortunately, in the modern world, societies appreciate these individuals and societies are less concerned with their lifestyles (West, Candace and Zimmerman, 2009: 49). Most countries are now liberal in their recent laws, legislations concern transgender and transsexual individuals.
To many people, being male or female is lifelong and an absolute part of being a human being. Gender issues are reinforced culturally, by religion, sense of duty, sense of self and daily life. On the other hand, some perceive gender as fluid, unimportant and a concept identified by an individual. Communal categories on either masculinity of femininity are unrealistic, constraining and limit people’s rights and freedoms. To deconstruct these concepts, the society must deal with legal, societal and religion that constraining gender understanding. The truth is that all people are similar, with similar potentials and weakness.

Connell, Robert W., and James W. Messerschmidt. “Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept.” Gender & society 19.6 (2005): 829-859.
West, Candace, and Don H. Zimmerman. “Accounting for doing gender.” Gender & society 23.1 (2009): 112-122.
Wingfield, Adia Harvey. “Racializing the glass escalator: Reconsidering men’s experiences with women’s work.” Gender & Society 23.1 (2009): 5-26.

Malawi’s HSSP 2023-2028

February 16th, 2021

Malawi’s HSSP 2023-2028

The need for better health care services is a major problem in many African countries. Malawi is among the countries that need reforms in the health sector. With a population of around 17.5million registered in the 2018 census by the national statistical office of Malawi, there is an estimated upwards growth by 2.8% per year, which requires a strategic plan in healthcare. Malawi featuring among third-world countries, the Australian government is ready to help it come up with a better health care plan. In this case, there is a need to revise current Malawi’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP) II 2017-2022 to 2023-2028 HSSP.
Analysis of current Malawi’s healthcare plan
Health information systems.
Malawi’s data collection system has been strengthened by the ability of the ministry of health (MOH) to use the Health Management Information System (HMIS). This data transmission level is a success through the District Health Information Software (DHIS2), which offers valuable central data collection for the government. The weakness in such a system has been witnessed in the Malawi health sector’s private facilities. Many hospitals do not relay real-time data as they rely on manual transmission of data from clinics, which may be biased. There is an opportunity by the government to install web-based applications that can serve real-time data to the national health grid. The data transmission using a cloud-based system may face challenges from the available IT infrastructure. The poor network system in rural areas hinders the government from advancing its technology to health clinics and dispensaries.
Leadership and governance
The whole health system in Malawi is dependent on the national and district level of leadership. Through the office of the president and cabinet, there have been efforts made by technical working groups (TWGs) like the Individual Performance Agreements (IPAs), which ensures regular checks on issues about health. On the district level, the MOH entrusts District Health Management Teams (DHMTs to manage hospitals. However, these leadership services at the district levels are not sufficient since they are overworked. There is a plan to improve the working structure by training public health experts on leadership and assigning them to their relevant hospitals within their localities. This move is a nightmare to the government because it sites inadequate funds to initiate more training and stipend funds for salaries.
Analysis of internal factors
Healthcare services
Several health service provisions in Malawi are aimed at improving the lives of people. These include reproductive and adolescent health, maternal and child health etc. There has been a rise in teenage pregnancies leading to 143/1000 live births among adolescent girls (MOH, 2017). The government has strengthened the efforts to combat unwanted and early pregnancies by providing free contraceptives, which has shown a significant decline in the fertility rate of 4.3 by 2018. However, there has been resistance from a society based on contraceptives because of early marriage customs performed by some tribes. The government has a chance to improve awareness by sensitizing communities about the importance of family planning. The challenges facing the government in its plan to curb crude abortions are well stipulated by the ignorance of people towards learning.
Maternal and child healthcare have improved since more women attend clinics and later follow the government’s rule to deliver in hospitals rather than at home. This maternal care has improved since the government increased dispensaries around the country. Child health has improved since 70% of the facilities follow the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI), which has helped curb regular child illnesses. There are still improvements to be done because the death rate for infants is still high. The government could leverage the integrated community case management to distribute child care services to more rural areas.
Diseases such as HIV&AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis still pose a danger in Malawi. The government provides free antiretroviral therapy to the people. This effort has resulted in 86% successful testing of people with HIV, while 96% being suppressive of the virus in 2017(MOH, 2017). Tuberculosis is associated with HIV infections, which is well countered by the government. However, malaria remains untamed due to the favorable tropical climate in Malawi that hosts the deadly mosquitoes. Through NGOs, the government can reach out to people by donating mosquito nets as a preventive measure.
Major health system capacity concerns in Malawi
1. Healthcare infrastructure
As the population grows, there is a need for expansion in terms of healthcare infrastructure. Malawi has a poor network of hospital infrastructure. It is estimated that 24% of facilities have an ambulance. Also, an approximated service area of 8km2 per hospital is a poor way of delivering services. With the few hospitals in place, there is inadequate hospital equipment like water, toilets, electricity and technical tools. The existing facilities face demolitions over poor maintenance.
2. Human resource
There are no enough nurses, doctors and other health practitioners in Malawi. To have a better service delivery, the government needs enough expertise to deliver the services in hospitals. With few skilled clinical psychologists and consultant psychiatrists, these positions indicate the health sector’s dire situation in Malawi. In 2016 there was a vacant position for 8,457 practitioners in the health sector. This figure is huge at the same time, not adequate to ensure better service delivery.
3. Health Financing
According to UNICEF, the government expenditure on health by 2018/2019FY was US$35 million. The financial muscles in Malawi have been poor, leading to lower service delivery and strained expenditure on running costs. The financial expenditure per capita is standing at $10.4 US dollar, which is against the WHO standards of $86 US dollar. This means that there is an 8.2 gap in capital expenditure, which makes healthcare incapacitated. There is a need for improved donor funding, which would act as a healthcare stimulus program to revive nonprofit hospital facilities that rely on charity.
The government needs to include proper planning in ensuring many people are trained in the relevant fields and careers regarding health and hiring them. The government also needs to ensure there is an upwards trend in building new hospitals and upgrading existing district hospitals. The most important of all is the finances. The government should allocate more money to the health sector, which would boost general operations in the health sector.
Health priority based on demographic problems
According to the national statistics on deadly diseases, HIW&AIDS still ravages through Malawi with no sign of decline. An estimated one million people were found to be HIV positive in 2018 by UNAIDS. This is a high number that depicts the current state of health in the entire region. HIV remains the number one cause of more deaths in Malawi than any other disease. The government should plan how to counter this problem in the next HSSP. All the strategies used to tame the spread of HIV should be revisited and new policies to be drafted towards the fight of this disease.
In conclusion, the Australian government should learn the existing challenges in Malawi’s healthcare infrastructure, healthcare funding, Healthcare information system, human resource, and, most importantly, the resources to fight HIV. The provision of funds to Malawi would improve the capacity of the government to handle these challenges. Also, the partnership between research institutions in Australia and Malawi will advance studies on diseases affecting people. With any help from the Australian government, Malawi will one day realize its potential in handling HSSP.

Chersich, M. F., Newbatt, E., Ng’oma, K., & de Zoysa, I. (2018). UNICEF’s contribution to the adoption and implementation of option B+ for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a policy analysis. Globalization and Health, 14(1), 55.
Government of the Republic of Malawi. (2017). Health Sector Strategic Plan II (2017-2022)


November 30th, 2020

For this assessment, students are to apply the concepts taught in the law modules for the unit (modules 9, 10 and 11) to a case study (Commonwealth Bank of Australia: The Unwitting Mule) and answer four short answer questions. To best answer these questions, students may be required to research beyond the principles taught in the lectures and tutorials, and will be required to reference any external material that is used to form the substance of their answers.
In breaking down the marks that are available for this assessment, each question is worth 9 marks for a total of 36 marks for the content portion of the assignment. The remaining 4 marks are awarded for the use of referencing and the structure / presentation of assignment submissions. Students are to integrate a completed cover page (a template is provided on blackboard) into their assignment document and submit their assignment file in soft copy format to a turnitin link in blackboard. A hard copy version of your assignment is not required to be submitted to your lecturer or tutor.
Assessment Questions
Read the Commonwealth Bank of Australia: The Unwitting Mule case study and answer the following questions:
1. What areas of law are pertinent to this case study? Describe what the identified areas of law cover, and explain how they are relevant to the issues raised in the case study. (9 marks)
2. What is the business structure of the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA)? What does this structure say of the duties that the bank’s directors owe to its stakeholders, and how have the directors breached those duties by allowing the conduct that is detailed in the case study. (9 marks)
3. Describe the regulatory responsibility of AUSTRAC in the context of this case. What changes (if any) to the scope of their responsibility were brought about by the findings of the 2018 Royal Commission into the Banking sector. (9 marks)
4. What business risks were ignored by the CBA executives, and what good governance and compliance practices could have been implemented to alleviate these risks? (9 marks)
Below is the marking rubric which will be used to grade your submission:
Question 1 – Relevant areas of law 0 – 2 marks
Very limited knowledge of topic with significant gaps between what was covered and what answer should have addressed.
Answer shows no conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 2 – 4 marks
Limited knowledge of topic and will not have discussed relevant points in much detail.
Answer shows a general lack of conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
4 – 5 marks
Reasonable knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or what was discussed often lacks detail.
Demonstrates a
reasonable conceptual understanding and a sound ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 5 – 7 marks
Good knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or will have discussed all relevant points but will occasionally lack detail.
Mostly demonstrates a high level conceptual understanding and a very good ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 7 – 9 marks
Comprehensive/detailed knowledge of topic with discussion of all relevant points in answer. Consistently
demonstrates an excellent conceptual understanding and an outstanding ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
Question 2 –
Structure of
bank 0 – 2 marks
Very limited knowledge of topic with significant gaps between what was covered and what answer should have addressed.
Answer shows no conceptual understanding, or ability to apply 2 – 4 marks
Limited knowledge of topic and will not have discussed relevant points in much detail.
Answer shows a general lack of conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in 4 – 5 marks
Reasonable knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or what was discussed often lacks detail.
Demonstrates a
reasonable conceptual understanding and a sound ability to apply 5 – 7 marks
Good knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or will have discussed all relevant points but will occasionally lack detail.
Mostly demonstrates a high level conceptual understanding and a very good ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 7 – 9 marks
Comprehensive/detailed knowledge of topic with discussion of all relevant points in answer. Consistently
demonstrates an excellent conceptual understanding and an outstanding ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
those concepts in answering the question. answering the question.
those concepts in answering the question.
Question 3 –
Regulatory responsibility of
AUSTRAC 0 – 2 marks
Very limited knowledge of topic with significant gaps between what was covered and what answer should have addressed.
Answer shows no conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 2 – 4 marks
Limited knowledge of topic and will not have discussed relevant points in much detail.
Answer shows a general lack of conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
4 – 5 marks
Reasonable knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or what was discussed often lacks detail.
Demonstrates a
reasonable conceptual understanding and a sound ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 5 – 7 marks
Good knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or will have discussed all relevant points but will occasionally lack detail.
Mostly demonstrates a high level conceptual understanding and a very good ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. 7 – 9 marks
Comprehensive/detailed knowledge of topic with discussion of all relevant points in answer. Consistently
demonstrates an excellent conceptual understanding and an outstanding ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
Question 4 – Business risks,
Good Governance and Compliance 0 – 2 marks
Very limited knowledge of topic with significant gaps between what was covered and what answer should have addressed.
Answer shows no conceptual understanding, or 2 – 4 marks
Limited knowledge of topic and will not have discussed relevant points in much detail.
Answer shows a general lack of conceptual understanding, or ability to apply those concepts in 4 – 5 marks
Reasonable knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or what was discussed often lacks detail.
Demonstrates a
reasonable conceptual understanding and a 5 – 7 marks
Good knowledge of topic but may not have discussed all relevant points in answer, or will have discussed all relevant points but will occasionally lack detail.
Mostly demonstrates a high level conceptual understanding and a very good ability to apply those 7 – 9 marks
Comprehensive/detailed knowledge of topic with discussion of all relevant points in answer. Consistently
demonstrates an excellent conceptual understanding and an outstanding ability to apply those concepts in answering the question.
ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. answering the question.
sound ability to apply those concepts in answering the question. concepts in answering the question.
Referencing/Str ucture/ Presentation 0 marks
Cover page not included.
Incoherent writing style with structure not appropriate to short answer format. Recurrent grammar, formatting and spelling mistakes.
No in-text referencing or reference list provided. 1 mark
Cover page not included. Largely incoherent writing style with structure not appropriate to short answer format. Recurrent grammar, formatting and spelling mistakes. Either in-text referencing or reference list missing. 2 marks
Cover page may / may not have been included. Good writing style with structure appropriate to short answer format.
Inconsistent grammar, formatting and spelling applied. In-text referencing and reference list incomplete or contains errors. 3 marks
Cover page included. Very good writing style with structure largely appropriate to short answer format. Grammar, formatting and spelling mostly accurate. In-
text referencing and reference list provided that accords with Chicago referencing system. 4 marks
Cover page included. Fluent writing style with structure appropriate to short answer format. Grammar, formatting and spelling accurate
(little to no mistakes).
In-text referencing and reference list provided that accords with Chicago referencing system.
Referencing and appropriate acknowledgement of sources
Most often errors in referencing are incidental or clearly inadvertent. In the event of a level one incident of plagiarism occurring, a student may be contacted by the University and required to undertake further training or remedial work in relation to referencing. Where the lack of correct referencing appears to contravene the University policy on plagiarism, the student’s paper will be referred to the Unit Coordinator and dealt with according to University policy. This may amount to academic misconduct.
An important aspect of the University Plagiarism Policy is recognition that not all plagiarism incidents are intentional or involves cheating. If students are not learning as expected, they will be made aware of their difficulties and helped to improve. Those who deliberately choose to cheat by way of plagiarism, however, will be identified and dealt with accordingly.
Students are strongly advised to understand their responsibilities in relation to correct referencing and should consult the unit outline and the referencing information in the Learning Hub section of the Blackboard site.
Format of assignments
Assignments cannot be handwritten and must comply with the following format requirements. Those assignments, which do not conform to these requirements without prior agreement of the unit coordinator, will either be returned to the student unmarked or will have marks deducted:
Document type: Word or pdf (pdf preferred).
Font: Arial or similar font – no smaller than 12 point in size.
Pages: Numbered in top or bottom margin.
Spacing: Appropriate line spacing and paragraph spacing.
Margins: At least 2.5 cm top, left, right & bottom.
Labelling of assignment file: Should include student’s Curtin ID number, their first and last names, and the title of the assignment (BLAW1002 Assessment 3 – Legal Case Study).
A well-presented assessment will consider and meet the following criteria:
• Cover sheet (located on Blackboard under the ‘Assessment’ tab) must be completed and integrated into your assignment document (The system will only allow you to submit one file so you won’t be able to submit your cover page and assignment document separately).
• Appropriate sentence structure.
• Correct grammar, spelling and punctuation.
• Paragraph size and breaks appropriate.
• Consistent format.
• Appropriate use of headings and sub-headings.
• Within acceptable word limit.
• Appropriate referencing and acknowledgment of sources.
Word Limit
The total assignment should be a minimum of 2,500 words and not exceed 3,000 words.
Please provide a word count on your cover sheet. A penalty of 10% will be imposed on assignments that exceed the word limit. Markers however, have the discretion as to whether to apply the penalty for an additional 100 words, provided the discussion remains relevant. The assignment will not be assessed if it exceeds 3,250 words and will result in a ZERO mark.
The word count does not include the following:
• cover sheet;
• in-text referencing;
• referencing list; and
• headings or sub-headings.
Submission of Assignment Document
Please read the submission process carefully. Students should understand that compliance with instructions in relation to an assessment task is critical. Students MUST be aware that non-compliance with submission instructions can result in a mark of ZERO.
All assignments must be submitted by Friday, 6 November 2020 by 1PM (WST), unless an extension for legitimate reasons has been granted by the unit cocoordinator prior to the deadline.
Students are required to submit their assignment to Blackboard through a link provided in the ‘Assessment’ folder titled ‘Assessment 3 – Legal Case Study’. Submission links will be set up for each mode / location in which this unit is being studied for the relevant study period (e.g. Bentley Internal, Fully Online, Miri etc.), so please ensure that you submit your assignment document to the correct link.
The assignment will automatically be submitted to the plagiarism detection program, Turnitin. Please ensure that the version of your assignment submitted to the system is the final version and not an incomplete draft, as the version of your assignment that is in the system at the time the deadline passes will be the version that is marked for assessment purposes (even if it was a draft version that was inadvertently submitted).
Feedback on Assignments
All of the teaching staff are available to assist you with your learning in this unit. You should contact your lecturer or tutor if you need help understanding the course material or issues arising in the assignment. There is also a staffed Ed forum available for students to ask questions of the teaching team. You can also contact the unit coordinator if you are still unable to get the answer you are seeking. Please allow 48 hours (two working days) for a response to your query.
Unfortunately, it is just not possible for the teaching staff to review draft assignments for comment before submission as it is in effect double marking that would give some students an unfair advantage over others. If you require help with your assignment, either narrow the question or section of work to specific questions such as “what is meant by this part of the question?” or “do the areas of law pertain to a particular part of the Module 9 lecture?” Questions such as “have I done this part right?” or “should I include a discussion about this regulator in question 4?” will not be answered as any answer provided by the lecturer or tutor would directly/indirectly impact the mark that the querying student would receive for the assessment, causing the unfairness referred to above.
This assignment will be marked using a rubric, which will be provided to students ahead of time. In addition to providing the set feedback to students that is contained in the rubric, markers will also offer individual comments on what a student had done well and what they could have done better to earn a higher mark.
Assessments submitted early will not be marked before the due date. Please refer to the unit outline for the full procedure in relation to penalties for late submission and requests for an extension.

Assessment IND301A: Industry Consulting Project

November 30th, 2020

Subject Code and Title IND301A: Industry Consulting Project
Assessment Personal Goals and LPA reflection report
Individual/Group Individual
Length 1,000 words (+/- 10%)
Learning Outcomes e) Demonstrate the ability to critically reflect on work integrated learning activities and self-identify personal goals and learning needs
Submission By 11:55pm AEST/AEDT Sunday Week 11
Weighting 30%
Total Marks 100 marks
Goal setting and the ability to openly and critically reflect are important skills that can significantly enhance your career development. Goal setting needs to be done systematically and reflection is an essential part of the continual learning process, which in-turn is crucial to your ongoing relevance and employability.
This report will help you formulate your current goals and personal learning needs and can become a template for regular future goal/learning need reviews going forward. For example, you can develop a new version of this report for your personal use at the end of each year to help guide your ongoing development. You must use your Laurate Professional Assessment (LPA). You might also incorporate your Gallup Reports.
You are required to:
• develop a 1,000 word Personal Goals and LPA Reflection report that is professionally presented and with appropriate, numbered headings and sub-headings
• include an Executive Summary (not included in the word count)
• commence with a short Introduction to the paper that outlines the purpose and structure
• include a short, referenced statement of the role/importance of both goal setting and reflection in career development
Ind301a_Assessment_3 Page 1 of 4
• Include at least 3 Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Timely (SMART) personal goals
• Include at least 3 workplace examples from your 200 hours of workplace experience that caused you to reflect and a description of that reflection
• Cite and reference at least 3 sources from the modules in this subject
• Include your LPA results (and possibly Gallup results) and some reflection on how they relate to your goals and workplace reflection(above)
• Conclude with a statement of personal commitment to both future goal setting and regular reflection
Note that appendices may be used and are not included in the word count.
Submission Instructions:
Submit the assessment via the Assessment link, in the main navigation menu, in IND301A, by the end of week 11. The facilitator will provide feedback via the Grade Centre in the LMS portal. Feedback can be viewed in My Grades.

Community Change and Advocacy

November 18th, 2020

Community Change and Advocacy
Advocacy is integral in community change and has been effective in resolving some of the issues affecting society. Despite being around for numerous decades it is vital to note that the essence of advocacy has remained constant. Advocacy is the buttress of community change and with critical consideration of the advocacy principles, the effects on social change are manifest as well as defined roles of human service professionals.
Principles of Advocacy
One of the principles of advocacy is clarity of purpose. The clarity of intent sets the aims and objectives of the advocacy process. In the clarity of purpose, it is possible for one to comprehend what is intended by carrying out the advocacy process and consequently understand the impact that it can have on society. Confidentiality is another aspect or principle of advocacy. Privacy is critical, for it ensures that the issue being addressed receives the attention that is required. With confidentiality, it is possible to have people bearing confidence in answering the questions outlined at the beginning of the advocacy. To understand some of the issues affecting society, it is essential to go around a neighborhood with questionnaires and if the respondents feel safe through assured confidentiality, then there is the assurance of quality advocacy.
Another principle of advocacy is empowerment. Empowerment in advocacy means that it is possible for people to understand the importance of change and consequently engage in activities that seek to improve the state of the problematic matter. Through community empowerment, there is the creation of social bonds that can prove sufficient to individuals and groups even after the completion of a project. Empowerment also ensures that individuals manage their activities better and can set a platform for a better growing population in the fast-changing modern environment.
How Advocacy Affects Social Change
Advocacy is integral in having social change, and this is because of the manner that it affects the environment. When social groups come together, seeking to have a particular aspect in society changing, people note the importance of this and act accordingly to ensure that there is the improvement needed. Without advocacy, people would ignore some of the problems that affect society, and the consequent of this is a rotting environment.
Politicians and celebrities are some of the most prevalent influencers of social change through advocacy. The reason why they are the major influencers is the fact that they are recognized and respected for their work and the consequent of this is people paying attention to issues that they raise. It has been noted that changes take place in a somewhat positive manner when these groups of people are involved in advocacy.
Advocacy also affects social change, depending on the severity of the matter. For example, there is advocacy to see to it that the number of tobacco users in Lebanon reduces significantly. The use of the drug in the stated country has been on the rise with young adolescents beginning the use of the drug at a very young age (Community Tool Box, 2019). Increased advocacy against the use of the drug is critical, and the consequent of this is having a rather progressive society and general health improvement for the population.
Another example is relating to sexual violence and the need to mitigate the problem. Sexual abuse is an aspect that has affected the African community for numerous years. Most of the issues presented in the environment relating to sexual violence are not well addressed. Young girls that are sexually offended fear coming out and talking about their experiences for they fear discrimination (Community Tool Box, 2019). It is essential to ensure that the community stands up to assist these young girls, restore their confidence, and have them talking about their experiences to identify the perpetrators, punish them, and reduce the violence.
Role of Human Service Professionals in Advocacy
A human service worker is quite essential in the modern environment, and this is more, especially in advocacy. A quality and professional human service designation assumes the responsibility of pushing for the resolution of some of the social problems affecting the environment. One of the significant characteristics of a human service profession is the urge to assist others in the issues that they face in a social domain or setting.
A human service profession is trained in the role of advocating for social change, and one advantage that he or she has over a typical individual that lacks the training is efficiency in convincing. Regardless of the issue at hand, it is vital to note that humans are rather resilient to change and do not wish to see things deterred from the norm. Human resource professionals always ensure that they identify aspects that will effectively change the mentality of these people. Through the change, it is possible to have improved society.
Another role that these professionals have in advocacy is the identification, and the incorporation of the best channels through the advocated matter can get to the public. Due to their training, it is possible for these professionals to note the best strategies to pass information. Through the approach, there is the assurance that people will receive the information that is being promoted. The modern environment has seen human service professionalism being a rather lucrative job title and this owing to the numerous challenges affecting society. These professionals ought to receive respect owing to issues that they face in their work and the most common of this is hostility.
Advocacy should be a concept that is incorporated in the current environment if the change is to happen in a positive light. Through advocacy, the various issues affecting the society are resolved in a rather professional manner. Advocacy is not only for the sake of the modern environment but also for generations to come.
Community Tool Box (2019). Advocacy for Tobacco Policy Change in Lebanon. Retrieved on 12th July.
Community Tool Box (2019). Together for Girls: Working to End Sexual Violence. Retrieved on 12th July.

Research Proposal

October 16th, 2020

Research Proposal
Institutional Affiliation
An interest in a Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science in Public Universities located in California would provide me with an estimated 32 options as provided by the College Scorecard provided by the U.S Department of Education (College Scorecard, 2020). The data collected for this particular website is provided through the federal reports from institutions, the information on federal financial aid, and the tax data. The Scorecard incorporated several indicators that were not provided earlier by institutions of higher education. Therefore, a potential student can make comparisons of the schools using the indicators to inform their decisions on the university they want.
The Reliability and Validity of the Collected Information
Considering the information was collected through the federal reports from institutions, on respective financial aid, and the tax information, it is proper to state that the information is valid. This is because the schools are expected to present accurate information used in the formulation of those reports. The reliability of the collected information relates to the consistency in the measures. In this case, one is to consider the indicators for comparison. Currently, the website considered the earnings of students getting federal financial aid, repayment period for student loans, typical debt loans, graduates from the school thus getting those who dropped across income bands and by gender. These indicators are similar for all the schools listed on the website increasing the reliability of information collected.
Additional Research Research Areas for the Political Science Program
Most of the information provided by the Scorecard is primarily median data and ranges of distinct metrics and hence very difficult to have similar outcomes (Williams, 2018). Other research areas to be considered include the success rate of university students in achieving good living standards from that particular program, the states which the successful graduates live, how satisfied are the students with the curriculum and the learning hours, and specific earnings of the program in different regions.
The collection of this additional information required in conducting secondary research using surveys and shared information on social media platforms. The current digital era has many people sharing their experiences in different universities. While these views are subjective, they could provide insight into the program’s curriculum and learning schedules. Furthermore, the research could also use other college information platforms such as the Department of Labor Career tool will also provide further information required.
The data collection method to be improvised is the survey technique. The method will gather information through a web-based questionnaire that will list important questions related to the research purpose. The survey questions include the range of costs incurred during the university period, whether the learning schedules were flexible enough to incorporate volunteering activities or part-time jobs, the ease or difficulty in getting an internship or employment opportunity on the course, did the program and university play a significant role in aligning the individual with their career goals, has the working environment incorporated the lessons learned in school, and whether the student loans are an extreme burden to repay considering the average salaries one had gotten over time. Furthermore, the research will also look at the diversity incorporated in school and the class. The question is whether the school environment was diverse enough to understand the different experiences related to the program and the development of social life. Is the location of the school conducive enough for the program such as the access of other organizations that provide learning experiences.
For each of the questions, a Likert scale is to be improvised. This method looks into attitudes and opinions and the respondent will use a tick or dot sign to illustrate their level of agreement. After the data collection, the analysis of the data will follow the cross-tabulation method that will utilize basic tabular forms. Inferences are to be drawn from the different data sets included in the research (Surendran, 2019).
Significance Test
A test of significance is prudent in determining the claims about a parameter that is not known. The significance test utilizes the information for the evaluation of a hypothesis through a comparison of sample points of parameters to the values in the hypothesis. A statistically significant test is one that illustrates a low probability that outcome occurred just by chance. In this case, the variable from the College Scorecard to be considered is the average salaries that graduates of the selected program and specific school earn. This is compared to the content and the strategy improvised by the school in discussing the curriculum.
It considers the learning environment, its diversity, and the flexibility to allow the students to visit real situations and apply the knowledge learned in school. An efficient learning environment that focussed on practical situations equivalently to theory learning makes it easier for the students as they assimilate into their working environments in school. These students achieve higher competency levels that attract better remuneration compared to those who cannot apply the knowledge in real-life situations. A test of significance is hence essential for the two variables.
External and Internal Validity, Potential Threats, and methods to be Improvised to Minimize them.
The internal validity of this research study is related to the extent to which the research will be in a position to establish a trustworthy cause and effect relationship between a treatment and its result (Cuncic, 20190. Internal validity is supposed to eliminate the possibility of having alternative explanations for the findings. For instance, in this research, the internal validity question could be whether the salaries that the individuals are getting are due to the conditions of their learning environments such as the flexibility and opportunity to practically implement the theory learned in class.
The potential threats to the internal validity question include the history threat which entails the specific events that have occurred between the first and second measurements. In this case, we are considering the period one was in school and the time they have earned salaries related to the program. These events have a potential likelihood of affecting the outcomes of interests such as behavioral changes, macroeconomic changes, or government interventions in particular sectors. To handle this threat, the research will incorporate randomization for the treatment and control group participants and also randomly selecting the participants who represent the population one wants to study.
The second threat to the research’s internal validity is the maturation threat which involves the effects that subjects have undergone with time (Cuncic, 2019). This threat potentially makes the scores go up in the post-tests compared to the pre-tests due to the maturing that the respondents have undergone. This maturation which happens more likely changes their self-perceptions, their efforts, and their views towards certain issues. Therefore, it becomes difficult to establish the cause and effect relationship between the two variables. To this effect, in handling the maturation threat, random assignment, and study protocol for the participants to accurately get the responses and any changes that have occurred that could impact the former (Cuncic, 2019).
On the issue of external validity, this involves how well the research’s outcome can be applied in distinct settings (Cuncic, 2019). It is about how generalizable these findings can be in terms of other people, situations, or periods. The potential threats to external validity include the reactive or interaction effect of testing (Yu, n.d.). This threat involves a pretest increasing or decreasing the sensitivity or responsiveness of the subject to the experimental variables. This process could use an inclusion and exclusion criteria where the research clearly defines the population one is studying in the research. This understanding of the research population ensures that one does understand their levels of sensitivity and responsiveness and the significance to the outcome in case any changes do occur.
The second threat is having participants that have done multiple treatments such that the multiple treatment interference makes it difficult for the research to control the impacts of prior treatments (Yu, n.d.). In handling this threat, the research needs to establish a psychological realism for the research. One could also improvise replication where the research is done again with different samples or settings to affirm the results. These two strategies will ensure that the respondents are not heavily influenced by the multiple treatments they have undergone.

Cuncic, A. (2019, February 25). Understanding internal and external validity. Retrieved from
Surendran, A. (2019, December 9). Quantitative data: Definition, Types, analysis, and examples. Retrieved from
US Department of Education. (2020). College Scorecard. Retrieved from
Williams, D. (2018, April 12). How the flawed earnings information in the college scorecard misleads students (opinion). Retrieved from
Yu, C. (n.d.). Threats to the validity of the research design. Retrieved from

Difficulties experienced by team leads, tech managers, and CTOs

October 16th, 2020

Difficulties experienced by team leads, tech managers and CTOs
There are many challenges faced by the tech managers, CTOs, and team leads in spearheading projects and making sure that the information systems of organizations are safeguarded. The IT department in the current digital world is very important in business organizations since they are responsible for managing websites, ensuring data security, and building new products. The various challenges faced are discussed below.
Finding the right skill
Information technology is a skill-based field that requires the IT team leaders to hire the right people with the right skills to perform various functions such as system analysis, coding, and implementation. In the recent past, innovations have dominated the IT industry, and skills such as Artificial Intelligence, Data Science, and machine learning are essential in the business world. For this reason, a lot of business is facing a shortage in terms of IT personnel with the required skills. Therefore, the burden of finding people with such skills lies in the tech managers, CTOs, and Information Technology leads in business organizations (Stangarone, 2020).
Systems and Process
Proper systems and processes are key in making the work of Information Technology leaders easy. If a business organization has no proper systems and processes in place, the IT leaders can easily be overwhelmed with so many tasks to perform. Even though the IT leaders are responsible for technical teams, the process of implementation and the processing of new strategies to improve the current product, the initial IT leader has to create systems and processes from scratch. This can be very challenging for the IT leader (Stangarone, 2020).

Ensuring data security and privacy of consumers
Data Protection Act requires that all countries which are willing to do business with EU member countries to ensure that personal data is protected. Data protection and generally the security of data are left to the IT leaders. The tech manager, the CTOs, and the IT leads are responsible for business organizations to ensure that business and private data are protected and the privacy of consumer data is respected.
Protecting against the growing ransomware threat
In the current digital world, cyber-security is increasingly becoming a threat to business operations and causing losses to businesses across the globe. Ransomware is becoming a common type of threat, where CTOs, tech leads and IT leads must plan and implement ways of militating against ransomware. Ransomware is developed in such a way that it denies access to business systems and the developer’s demand for payment to allow for access.
Deciding on project resources
IT projects are not like other business-related projects. The IT projects require proper planning through system analysis, design, and implementation. In addition to that, IT projects are complex and sometimes ambiguous requiring certain tools for conceptualizing various stages of development of the software project such as decision trees for processes that involve making decisions. The burden of organizing and planning for the IT project resources in the business organizations is dependent on the tech managers, CTOs, and generally the leaders of the Information Technology department.

Stangarone, J. (2020). Challenges facing CIOs and IT leaders in 2020 – mrc’s Cup of Joe Blog. Retrieved 6 June 2020, from
Aspira, C. (2020). Management Challenges For New Tech Leaders & Where Mentoring Helps – CTO Academy. Retrieved 6 June 2020, from